By Helge Kragh
—Michael White, Bestselling writer of 39 books together with Isaac Newton: The final Sorcerer
Paul Dirac (1902–1984) used to be an excellent mathematician and a 1933 Nobel laureate whose paintings ranks along that of Albert Einstein and Sir Isaac Newton. even supposing now not besides referred to as his well-known contemporaries Werner Heisenberg and Richard Feynman, his effect at the process physics was once titanic. His landmark e-book, The rules of Quantum Mechanics, brought that new technology to the realm and his “Dirac equation” used to be the 1st concept to reconcile designated relativity and quantum mechanics.
Dirac held the Lucasian Chair of arithmetic at Cambridge collage, a place additionally occupied by means of such luminaries as Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking. but, in the course of his 40-year profession as a professor, he had just a couple of doctoral scholars as a result of his unusual character, which bordered at the strange. Taciturn and introverted, with almost no social abilities, he as soon as grew to become down a knighthood simply because he didn’t are looking to be addressed via his first identify. Einstein defined him as “balancing at the dizzying course among genius and madness.”
In Simply Dirac, writer Helge Kragh blends the clinical and the non-public and invitations the reader to get to understand either Dirac the quantum genius and Dirac the social misfit. that includes cameo appearances by way of the various maximum scientists of the twentieth century and highlighting the dramatic adjustments that happened within the box of physics in the course of Dirac’s lifetime, this attention-grabbing biography is a useful creation to a very singular man.
By Samuel Jay Keyser,Lawrence S. Bacow
By MarjorieShepherd Turner
By Sharon Bertsch McGrayne
"A compelling read... many desirable stories... an bold booklet, and well-researched." -- Nature
"This booklet is a gem! hardly have I visible chemistry so basically and eloquently defined, whereas nonetheless displaying all its shortcomings ... a superb and simple read." --- AAAS technological know-how Books and Films.
"Absorbing." -- invoice Bryson, a brief background of approximately Everything.
"On your subsequent journey to the bookstall pass the motion event thrillers and search out Prometheans within the Lab... I want that McGrayne's ebook have been two times its length." -- well known Mechanics.com
"Masterly ... interesting and soaking up. McGrayne seriously examines the tangled and complex interrelationships among the public's insistence on growth and luxury and the necessity to guard the surroundings. McGrayne's thesis [is] that technology often and chemistry specifically can remedy any difficulties that it has accidentally created...Meticulously documented." -- The Chemical Educator
"Gripping... sparkling... balanced ... A pleasure to learn. an excellent book." -- Chemical Heritage.
By Richard Stachurski
By Ronald S. Calinger
This is the 1st full-scale biography of Leonhard Euler (1707–83), one of many maximum mathematicians and theoretical physicists of all time. during this finished and authoritative account, Ronald Calinger connects the tale of Euler's eventful existence to the spectacular achievements that position him within the corporation of Archimedes, Newton, and Gauss. Drawing mainly on Euler’s colossal released works and correspondence, which fill greater than 80 volumes thus far, this biography units Euler’s paintings in its multilayered context—personal, highbrow, institutional, political, cultural, non secular, and social. it's a tale of approximately incessant accomplishment, from Euler’s basic contributions to nearly each region of natural and utilized mathematics—especially calculus, quantity thought, notation, optics, and celestial, rational, and fluid mechanics—to his developments in shipbuilding, telescopes, ballistics, cartography, chronology, and tune theory.
The narrative takes the reader from Euler’s adolescence and schooling in Basel via his first interval in St. Petersburg, 1727–41, the place he received a ecu popularity via fixing the Basel challenge and systematically constructing analytical mechanics. Invited to Berlin by way of Frederick II, Euler released his recognized Introductio in analysin infinitorum, devised continuum mechanics, and proposed a pulse conception of sunshine. Returning to St. Petersburg in 1766, he created the analytical calculus of adaptations, built the main particular lunar thought of the time that supported Newton’s dynamics, and released the best-selling Letters to a German Princess—all regardless of eye difficulties that resulted in near-total blindness. In telling the amazing tale of Euler and the way his achievements introduced pan-European contrast to the Petersburg and Berlin academies of sciences, the e-book additionally demonstrates with new intensity and element the imperative position of arithmetic within the Enlightenment.
Some photographs contained in the e-book are unavailable as a result of electronic copyright restrictions.
By Colin A. Russell
In his first decade on the establishment, Faraday came upon benzene, isobutylene, and chlorides of carbon. yet regardless of those and different accomplishments in chemistry, he's mainly remembered for his paintings in physics. In 1831 he proved that magnetism may perhaps generate an electrical present, thereby constructing the sector of electromagnetism and resulting in the discovery of the dynamo. as well as his remarkable medical actions, Faraday was once a pace-setter in his church, whose religion and want to serve guided him all through his occupation. a fascinating public speaker, he gave well known lectures on clinical matters, and helped came across a practice of clinical schooling for kids and laypeople that keeps to today.
Oxford pix in Science is an ongoing sequence of medical biographies for teenagers. Written through most sensible students and writers, every one biography examines the character of its topic in addition to the concept strategy resulting in his or her discoveries. those illustrated biographies mix available technical details with compelling own tales to painting the scientists whose paintings has formed our figuring out of the normal world.
By Dennis Pausch
By Sandra Rebok
Humboldt and Jefferson explores the relationship
among interesting personalities: the Prussian explorer, scientist, and geographer
Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) and the yankee statesman, architect, and naturalist Thomas
Jefferson (1743–1826). within the wake of his well-known day trip during the Spanish colonies in the
spring of 1804, Humboldt visited the USA, the place he met a number of instances with
then-president Jefferson. A hot and fruitful friendship resulted, and the 2 males corresponded
an awful lot through the years, speculating jointly on issues of mutual curiosity, together with natural
background, geography, and the formation of a world medical community. residing in
progressive societies, either have been deeply taken with the human situation, and every vested
desire within the new American kingdom as a potential resolution to a few of the deficiencies characterizing
ecu societies on the time.
The highbrow trade among the 2 over
the subsequent twenty-one years touched at the pivotal occasions of these instances, equivalent to the independence
circulation in Latin the USA and the applicability of the democratic version to that area, the
courting among the US and Europe, and the newest advancements in medical examine and
quite a few technological initiatives. Humboldt and Jefferson explores the area in
which those Enlightenment figures lived and the methods their lives on contrary aspects of the
Atlantic outlined their respective convictions.
By Rita Levi-Montalcini,Giuseppina Tripodi,Lara Cortés Fernández
“Este libro —escribe los angeles mítica bióloga Rita Levi-Montalcini, Premio Nobel de Medicina— está destinado a las nuevas generaciones. Su objetivo es hacerlas conscientes de las fundamentales aportaciones científicas que hicieron sus antepasadas desde dos siglos antes de l. a. period cristiana hasta el siglo XX. Durante siglos las mujeres estuvieron excluidas. En el pasado las que destacaban por su sabiduría se consideraban brujas y eran enviadas a los angeles hoguera, e incluso cuando se abolió esta persecución, tan feroz como absurda, los filósofos y los científicos, incluidos los conocidos como ‘ilustrados’, siguieron alimentando el mito de l. a. absoluta superioridad intelectual del hombre”. Para demostrar que las mujeres también tienen un pasado, y un presente, científico, mostrando al mismo tiempo las injusticias y dependencias que tuvieron que sufrir a lo largo de siglos, el procedimiento que Rita Levi-Montalcini y Giuseppina Tripodi han seguido en este apasionado y apasionante libro es presentar l. a. incuestionable evidencia que proporcionan sucintas biografías de mujeres científicas como las matemáticas Hipatia, Sophie Germain, Sofia Kovalevskaia y Emily Noether, las astrónomas Caroline Herschel, Williamina Fleming, Henrietta Leavitt, Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin, Margaret Burbidge y Vera Rubin, Mary Wortley Montagu, a l. a. que tanto debe l. a. vacunación moderna, las físicas Émile du Châtelet, Marie Curie, Lise Meitner, Irène Joliot-Curie, Maria Goepper Mayer y Chien-Shiung Wu, químicas como Rosalind Franklin y biólogas como Gerty Cori, Barbara McClintock, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodkin y Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard .